Mitosporic fungus. Hyphomycetes.
Found most frequently in temperate regions.
Approx. 8 species.
Soil, dead herbaceous stems, wood, grasses, sugar beet root, groundnuts and oats.
Found indoors on cellulose containing materials such as jute, old sacking, wicker, straw baskets, wood, and paper.
Nomenclatural problems: Torula is sometimes confused with the yeast Torulopsis. Torulosis is an old name for cryptococcosis, a disease in humans caused by the yeast Cryptococcus neoformans.
Type I allergies (hay fever, asthma).
No reports of human infection.
Torula herbarum was cytotoxic in screening tests performed by our laboratory. The nature of the toxin(s) is unknown.
Grows vegetatively on general fungal media but usually requires specialized media for sporulation.
Distinctive, not easily confused with other genera.
Distinctive, readily identifiable on tape samples.